Kreeft Explores Atheism, Non-Christian Religions

“I should just always ask what God wants me to do and then do it. That’s all, isn’t it?” wondered a 6-year-old Peter Kreeft. A longtime Boston College philosophy professor, he cites this gift from God as his first “important conscious discovery.” Kreeft joined the BC faculty in 1965 and has written over 70 books, all building upon this first realization.

The circumstances of this pivotal moment are somewhat surprising, according to Kreeft. It was a Sunday after church with his parents, who raised him as a Dutch Calvinist. He eventually entered Calvin College in 1955.

General Protestant opinion on Catholicism was, and continues to be, less than positive, according to Kreeft.

“Most evangelical and fundamentalist Protestants think the Church is pagan idolatry, worshipping statues, saints, Mary, and the Pope,” he said. “They do not understand the concept of a sacrament, a sacred material thing.”

During college and graduate school, he investigated Catholic history. The historical claims of the Catholic Church convinced him to join what he sees as the true heir to the early Church and that of the saints he admires.

At his baptism, his new godmother made a joke about them falling in love. “Spiritual incest,” the priest warned, could only come of this. Two years later, a dispensation from the Vatican was required before he could marry his godmother.

Kreeft regards Protestants warmly, believing that Catholics can learn from them.

“Until Catholics know the Bible better than Protestants do, and until they know Christ, both personally and theologically, better than Protestants do, there is no reason why God should end the Reformation and make all Protestants come back home,” he said. With this mentality, he has made it his mission to unite Christians of different denominations.

Kreeft spends a lot of his academic energy on non-Christian religions.

“I love to explore other religions, both for their wisdom and for the mysterious and complex question of how they are related to Christianity,” he said. “Buddhists typically have a profound spirituality despite a very unprofound theology, and Muslims grasp the greatness and majesty of God.”

Today, Kreeft believes atheism is probably the most prevalent alternative to Christianity, rather than another religion.

“Reading passionate atheists like Nietzsche and Sartre—not the shallow, recycled, talk-show-style cliches of the current crop of atheist media darlings—sets off Christianity powerfully, as death sets off life or night, day,” he said. Unlike the popular portrayals of faith by the New Atheism “media darlings,” Catholicism does stand up to intellectual debate, Kreeft said.

Protestant and atheist misconceptions of the Church parallel in at least one way, and Kreeft identifies the common root as misunderstanding of the sacred.

“Non-Christians almost always have a different problem [than Protestants] with the Church,” he said. “Its morality, especially its sexual morality. It is thought to be repressive, Puritanical, and impossibly idealistic. Here, too, the concept of the sacredness of something material is not understood. I think a serious study of the Theology of the Body by Pope John Paul II would be a powerful antidote to both misunderstandings.”

Kreeft does not align himself with others of his profession.

“I try to build bridges between ordinary people and scholars and philosophers,” he said. “Academia has always been a sort of scholarly ivory tower, but more so in modern times, with increasing specialization. In my own field, philosophy, I find that most ‘great books’ in philosophy were written for ordinary intelligent people, until the 20th century, when philosophers started to write for other philosophers. This is why they are ignored … I think God must love ordinary people best—that’s why He made so many of them.”

Kreeft positions himself opposite most intellectuals on the general direction of American morality.

“Let’s be very clear and candid,” he said. “It’s not an option to opt out of the culture of death, it’s a necessity for survival of your soul. The simplest way to lose your soul is to go with the flow because the flow is naturally down. Only live fish can swim against the current. Dead ones just conform to it.”
Kreeft identified abortion as the gravest moral evil that the “culture of death” promotes.

Secular society is no alternative to faith for Kreeft, either.

“I find it very significant that just about all the robustly Catholic students and teachers I know at BC are very happy and all the anti-Catholics are very unhappy and angry,” he said. “Deep happiness is a winsome and unanswerable argument.”

His antidote to depression: “Visit the Missionaries of Charity in Roxbury and see how deep and genuine joy is possible in the middle of the worst misery and poverty.”

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October 19, 2014

2 COMMENTS ON THIS POST To “Kreeft Explores Atheism, Non-Christian Religions”

  1. St. John Paul II’s Theology of the Body (TOB) may provide a solid basis for solving the most pressing issues of human sexuality, both in families and in the Church as the family of God, including the ordination of women to the priesthood in the Catholic and Orthodox churches. The TOB endorses neither radical patriarchy nor radical feminism, and provides a vision of marriage, and gender relations in general, that can be summarized as unity in diversity, equality in mutuality, individuality in community.

    In this regard, I hope the church hierarchy will recognize that the church is a family that needs both men and women in the ministerial priesthood, and recognize that our patriarchal family structure is becoming an obstacle to evangelization as we enter the transition to a post-patriarchal society. Hierarchy is not the problem, and the church must remain apostolic; patriarchy is the problem, and the exclusively male hierarchy is becoming stale as a symbol of the Christ-Church mystery.

    Doctrinally, nothing essential (dogmatic) of the Catholic faith would have to change in order to ordain women to the priesthood and the episcopate. The TOB confirms that there is one (embodied) human nature, shows that men and women equally share in human personhood, and makes clear that the human body, male and female, is what makes our Lord Jesus Christ visible as an incarnate divine Person.

    What is needed is “simply” to clarify our sacramental theology to separate patriarchal ideology from revealed truth. With all due respect and sensitivity for those who are heavily invested in the patriarchal order of things, this is a clarification that is possible and urgently needed in the church of the 21st century.

    Jesus never identified himself as a patriarch. The Holy Family was a not a patriarchy. The Trinity is not a patriarchy. The spousal, sacramental love of Christ for the church is not intrinsically patriarchal (as the TOB exegesis of Ephesians 5 abundantly shows), and Jesus Christ is head of the church because he is a divine Person and our Redeemer, not because he is a human male.

    To act “in persona Christ capitis” means to act in place of a divine Person. Neither men nor women are divine persons. Any baptized human person, male or female, can be ordained to act “in persona Christ capitis.” All ministries, including ordained ministries, should be gift-based, not gender-based.

    The exclusively male priesthood is a choice, not a dogma (CIC 1024, CCC 1598). The church does have the authority (the power of the keys) to ordain women as soon as the Pope, as the successor of Peter, decides it would be for the glory of God and the good of souls.

    Your article brings to mind many questions that may not be “politically correct” but beg answers. For example:

    1. Isn’t CIC 1024 an artificial contraceptive of female priestly vocations?

    2. Why should the hierarchical church be exempted from practicing Humanae Vitae?

    3. How can we preach the gospel of life if we choose to prevent female priestly vocations?

    The patriarchal age is rapidly passing away, but the deposit of faith is inexhaustible and we should not presume that we already have found all the jewels contained therein. Let us pray that all the Christian churches can discern the difference between patriarchal ideology and revealed truth, and act accordingly.

  2. Catholicism has a lot more problems than “pagan idolatry, worshipping statues” and “sexual morality”. Like its hoarding money and lavishly rich churches, its calls for crusades, its historic fixation on riches, power and appearance even when it was in odds with scripture. Even today it prizes its image more than it prizes children’s well being, hiding and protecting child abusers lest it loses what’s left of its apparent glory
    Then Kreeft has his own issues – the reported “culture of death” and abortion-is-murder stance was not so unquestioned in the past. While abortion was always considered sin, for most of the Church’s history it was not considered murder. Delayed hominization and ‘ensoulment’ were thought to occur many weeks after conception. Only in 1588 the Effraenatam bull declared abortion to be murder and cause for excommunication.