Over 100 students, faculty, and other members of the Boston community joined Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey and former governor of Maryland Martin O’Malley, to discuss gun reform on the state level on Tuesday afternoon.
Both Democrats have a history of combatting gun violence. In Maryland, when O’Malley was governor, he implemented measures to try to reduce gun violence through place licensing, fingerprinting, background checks, and required safety training for all gun buyers. Healey has been facing criticism and lawsuits as a result of cracking down on “copycat” assault weapons.
The Rappaport Center for Public Policy’s last event of the semester kicked off with introductions of the two speakers by Michael Cassidy, the faculty director of the Rappaport Center for Law and Public Policy. He then prompted them to speak about their history with the issue of gun violence.
Healey rattled off a list of statistics for context—90 Americans die at the hand of a gun per day, gun violence is the leading cause of death for black men between the ages of 15 and 24. Every year, Healey continued, there are around 30,000 gun deaths compared to about 34,000 deaths from car crashes. The Center for Disease Control spends around $5 million on researching the latter, compared to $100,000 on the former.
“This isn’t about the Second Amendment,” Healey said. “Protecting public safety, protecting public health is not mutually exclusive of respecting the rights of the Second Amendment.”
Healey attributes the fact that Massachusetts has one of the lowest rates of gun deaths in the country to the strict gun laws within the state.
“We’ve argued for stronger background checks, and have fought for a stricter interpretation on the federal ban on straw purchasing,” Healey said.
Healey has also helped implement a first-of-its-kind training for doctors, making resources regarding gun safety and gun violence available if they need to talk about guns as a risk factor for their patients.
Finally, Healey said, her office has been enforcing laws that are currently on the books in the state of Massachusetts.
O’Malley shared his legacy of gun control in Maryland, which he said had helped facilitate the reduction of violent crime to 35-year lows. Cassidy asked about the Maryland Firearm Safety Act of 2013.
“It’s my belief that as we progress as a people, the federal government will also catch up one day, and start playing a role here.”
—Martin O’Malley, former governor of Maryland
The Firearm Safety Act prohibited, with exceptions, the possession and sale of combat assault weapons in Maryland, as well as transporting them into the state. Reminiscing on getting the bill passed, O’Malley told the crowd that the bill did not receive a single Republican vote and even struggled to rally some Democratic votes.
Shifting to the national stage, O’Malley spoke on the platform that he ran on in the 2016 presidential election.
“Secretary Clinton and Senator Sanders had not the same consistency of position on this that I had, nor had they accomplished things in office as I had been able to accomplish,” O’Malley said. “And I was glad to see them both come around to what I believe is a broad majority opinion within the democratic party when it comes to common sense gun safety legislation.”
Most notably, he proposed requiring microstamping, a ballistics identification technology. Microstamping essentially links any bullet to the gun it was shot from by using a laser that engraves microscopic markings onto the tip of the firing pin, and onto the breech face of a firearm.
When a gun is shot, the etchings will transfer to the primer and the cartridge case head. If police recover the case of the bullet, the markings on the cartridges can help them trace the firearm back to its last registered owner.
The technology is required by law in California, and as a result, however, two large gun manufacturing companies have said they will no longer sell in California, citing the microstamping law as the reason.
Healey welcomes technological advances.
“Everything should be on the table,” Healey said.
O’Malley said that he is pleased with the focus on gun control that the Democratic Party has as a whole, but wishes the federal government would step up on the issue.
“It’s a shame that we allowed the Assault Weapons Ban even to lapse, but we did, and now I think they’re going to see different leapers of action—state by state, court cases, courageous attorney generals—stepping forward and doing what needs to be done,” O’Malley said.
The Federal Assault Weapons Ban was enacted in 1994, and expired in 2004. The 10-year ban included the prohibition on the manufacture of certain semi-automatic firearms that it defined as assault weapons for civilian use. There were multiple attempts to renew the ban, but all were unsuccessful.
Cassidy also brought into question whether or not the left underestimates the strength of interest in lawful gun ownership in rural America. O’Malley and Healey had varying answers for, seemingly, the first time throughout the event.
O’Malley conceded that sometimes the left fails to recognize the cultural importance of guns, specifically, the rural hunting tradition.
“The danger is to talk past each other and not acknowledging where people are coming from,” O’Malley said. “I think that’s the real danger—talking past people or vilifying our opponents who may have a disagreement with us about it.”Healey responded more cynically, reminding the audience of the role the National Rifle Association and moneyed interests play in dividing the nation on the topic of guns. She believes that there is a common ground, but it seems far from reach given the politics and the processes in place.
Healey then cited the Second Amendment, which reads “a well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” She stated that “well regulated” means something, not no regulation.“There have always been lines in this space. That’s why we can’t bury grenades and in our property or walk around with them,” Healey said. “So don’t tell me that this is about hunting, and don’t tell me this is about sport. This is about a particular agenda and interest that I don’t think has the interest of true sportsmen and hunters in mind.”
Healey made it clear that the issue is about gun violence, not taking away the ability for people to hunt or learn to shoot.
“It’s my belief that as we progress as a people, the federal government will also catch up one day, and start playing a role here,” O’Malley said.
Featured Image by Kate Mahoney / Heights Staff
If marking cases was so valuable then why did both Maryland and NY end their brass fingerprint database after 15 years! Probably because it solved no cases and nether would microstamping after millions of more dollars are wasted. Criminals don’t buy their guns legally and the smarter ones will just use revolvers or destroy the microstamp with a hard file. The really smart evil ones will just steal brass from someone they hate and leave it at a murder scene and put innocent people at risk for criminal charges. The only thing this accomplishes is a de facto ban on simiauto handguns and will soon make the state of California a civil suit bonanza against cops using “unsafe” and unapproved pistols not on the CA approved handgun “safety” roster when perps get shot.
Martin has an interesting way of viewing history. Since his pet “common sense” gun reform was put in place, Maryland gun deaths quickly escalated to a rate not seen since the end of the Civil War. 2017 looks to be another record. Thousands of dead and wounded. 62% of crime guns were sourced in-state, and another 10% from abroad (smuggled through the port, already against the law) prior to the law, now it is 61.5% + 12%. I don’t know that I’d really call that an improvement. Especially now that it’s more guns and more deaths than ever before.
Prosecutors generally refuse to press charges under the law because the law was poorly written. As to the ballistic fingerprinting, I admit, I thought it seemed like promising technology. But a decade and $50 million later, evidence from that effort was never used in a single prosecution (successful OR unsuccessful). Fact of the matter is that there’s an estimated 350-400 million guns in America. Supply control (conventional gun control measures) will not get us the results we demand (in public safety terms). Gun control advocates are going to need to wade into some very uncomfortable waters of discussing the causative factors for gun deaths, which will cross some awkward political, socioeconomic, racial and gender lines. There are core demographics (3 very different groups) around the key gun death issues of unsecure, loaded guns that kill children, guns used to execute in the street, and guns used to murder a spouse. No background check is going to get you there. We’re going to have to talk about deeper issues and more complex solutions than gun bans.